Ninety years ago 14 year old Billie Holiday and her mother were arrested for prostitution following a raid of a brothel in Harlem.
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Richenda Antoinette de Winterstein (Dana) Gillespie werd geboren in Woking in Surrey. Ze was 4 jaar Brits kampioen waterskiën junioren vanaf 1962.
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Het is vandaag al 45 jaar geleden dat Arthur “Big Boy” Crudup is overleden. Hij was een Delta-blues zanger, die o.m. “That’s all right, mama”, “My baby left me” en “So glad you’re mine” heeft geschreven, drie nummers die eerst door Elvis Presley en daarna door tal van andere artiesten werden gecoverd. Ik breng deze verjaardag vooral in herinnering omdat er over deze zanger duidelijk een aantal misverstanden de ronde doen. Ikzelf ben daar ook ingetrapt, destijds toen ik het in memoriam voor Elvis Presley schreef b.v. Ik zal beginnen met mijn tekst weer te geven, zoals hij is verschenen…
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Het is vandaag al zestig jaar geleden dat bluesgitarist en -zanger Eddie Jones, beter bekend als Guitar Slim, op 32-jarige leeftijd tijdens een tournee overleed in New York. De doodsoorzaak was een longontsteking in samenhang met overmatige alcoholconsumptie.
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Het is vandaag precies 115 jaar geleden dat Gertrude Malissa Nix Pridgett huwde met William “Pa” Rainey, de komiek en directeur van een (zwarte) vaudevilleshow. Het huwelijk hield slechts enkele jaren stand, maar Gertrude hield er wel haar “nickname” Ma Rainey aan over…
Ma Rainey tourde daarna met “The Rabbit Foot Minstrels” en “Tolliver’s Circus”. Ze was één van de eerste professionele Amerikaanse blueszangeressen en wordt daarom wel ‘moeder van de blues’ genoemd. In december 1923 maakte zij in Chicago haar platendebuut met “Southern blues”. In the next five years, she made over 100 recordings, including “Bo-Weevil Blues” (1923), “Moonshine Blues” (1923), “See See Rider Blues” (1924), “Titanic blues” (1926), “Black Bottom” (1927), and “Soon This Morning” (1927).
Rainey was known for her powerful vocal abilities, energetic disposition, majestic phrasing, and a “moaning” style of singing. Her powerful voice was never adequately captured on her records, because she recorded exclusively for Paramount, which was known for its below-average recording techniques and poor shellac quality. However, her other qualities are present and most evident in her early recordings “Bo-Weevil Blues” and “Moonshine Blues”.
Rainey recorded with Louis Armstrong, and she toured and recorded with the Georgia Jazz Band. She continued to tour until 1935, toen haar populariteit begon te dalen. Ze leidde tot haar dood wel twee theaters in haar geboortestadje Columbus in Georgia. (Wikipedia)
Enkele dagen geleden herdachten we nog de veel te vroeg gestorven Alexis Korner, maar vandaag gaat onze aandacht naar een nog veel eerder verdwenen pionier van de Britse blues. Vandaag is het immers al 55 jaar geleden dat Cyril Davies (foto YouTube), een pionier op het vlak van de bluesharmonica, is overleden aan leukemie.
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Cyril Davies began his career in the early 1950s first within Steve Lane’s Southern Stompers, then in 1955 formed an acoustic skiffle and blues group with Alexis Korner. He began as a banjo and 12-string guitar player before becoming a Chicago-style blues harmonica player after hearing Little Walter. Working by day as a panel beater (carrosserieplaatwerker), he ran an unsuccessful skiffle club before meeting Korner, then Davies and Korner opened a London Rhythm and Blues club “England’s Firstest and Bestest Skiffle Club”, later known as the “London Blues and Barrelhouse Club”. Popular with other musicians, the club hosted gigs by blues musicians such as Muddy Waters, Sonny Terry and Brownie McGhee and Memphis Slim.
During this period Davies and Korner worked as session musicians, and often backed Ottilie Patterson during her featured set with husband Chris Barber’s band, using amplified instruments for the first time – which did not go down well with their blues purist audience and many fellow musicians. After closing the blues club, Davies and Korner went their separate ways, and, influenced by Muddy Waters electric sound, Davies formed his own electric blues band.
In 1961, Chris Barber recruited Davies and Korner to play harmonica and electric guitar in accompanying Barber’s band regularly at its Wednesday and Friday night sets at the Marquee Club, a popular London jazz club. This opportunity granted Davies and Korner some exposure to the London music scene, but the duo wished to focus more on blues and R&B. The two decided to found their own rhythm and blues group and, in a show of support, Barber offered them the intermission slot at the Marquee on Wednesday nights.
Korner supplied musicians for the rhythm sections, and Davies recruited Art Wood and Long John Baldry to be the vocalists. They named the group Blues Incorporated, and their initial performances at the Marquee were very well received. However, they realized the need for additional performance opportunities and, since most jazz and folk clubs in London were wary of electric guitars, Davies and Korner decided to found their own club at which they could perform. In 1962 they founded the Ealing Club. The club proved to be a popular sensation and attracted such admirers and future stars as Mick Jagger and Eric Burdon. Jagger was in the audience for the second night at the club and got up to sing “Got My Mojo Working”.
In June 1962 Blues Incorporated recorded “R&B from the Marquee”, actually recorded in Decca Records’ studio. After touring the UK and headlining a residency at the Marquee, by October 1962 there was musical tension in the band as some members wanted to play crowd pleasers like Chuck Berry and Bo Diddley songs while Cyril Davies and others members were blues purists who wanted to play what they saw as only genuine Chicago-style R&B. Following his departure from Blues Incorporated in October 1962, Davies then formed the Cyril Davies All-Stars in November 1962 and recorded five tracks for Pye Records, who had announced an R&B label featuring music imported from Davies’ favourite Chicago musicians (“Country Line Special”, “Chicago Calling”, “Preaching the Blues”, “Sweet Mary” and “Someday Baby”). The original line-up was largely recruited from Screaming Lord Sutch’s Savages, and featured both Long John Baldry and Davies on vocals to give Davies room to play harmonica. The band, later known simply as the All-Stars was subject to frequent personnel changes.
After contracting pleurisy in 1963, Davies began to drink heavily to assuage the pain while undergoing a heavy touring schedule. He died in January 1964, after collapsing during an engagement at a night club on Eel Pie Island, Twickenham in London. The official cause of death was given as endocarditis [ontsteking van de hartspier], although leukaemia is often quoted. Long John Baldry besluit Davies’ groep “The R&B All Stars” verder te zetten als “The Hoochie Coochie Men” en vraagt Rod Stewart lid te worden na de fameuze ontmoeting in het station van Twickenham. The rest, as they say, is history… (Wikipedia)
Het is vandaag al 35 jaar geleden dat Alexis Korner (foto Heinrich Klaffs via Wikipedia), één van de “founding fathers of British blues”, is overleden.
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