Het is vandaag al 45 jaar geleden dat Graham Bond (foto Wikipedia), één van de pioniers van de Britse R&B, onder een trein is gesprongen.
Bond was an innovator, described as “an important, under-appreciated figure of early British R&B”, along with Cyril Davies and Alexis Korner. Jack Bruce, John McLaughlin and Ginger Baker first achieved prominence in his group, the Graham Bond Organisation. Bond was voted Britain’s New Jazz Star in 1961.
He was an early user of the Hammond organ/Leslie speaker combination in British rhythm and blues – he “split” the Hammond for portability – and was the first rock artist to record using a Mellotron, on his “There’s A Bond Between Us” LP. As such he was a major influence upon later rock keyboardists: Deep Purple’s Jon Lord said “He taught me, hands on, most of what I know about the Hammond organ”.
After the break-up of the Organisation, Bond continued to exhibit mental disorders, with manic episodes and periods of intense depression, exacerbated by heavy drug use. Bond’s financial affairs were in chaos, and the years of lack of commercial success had badly hurt his pride. On 8 May 1974, Bond died under the wheels of a Piccadilly line train at Finsbury Park station, London, at the age of 36. Most sources list the death as a suicide. Friends agree that he was off drugs, although becoming increasingly obsessed with the occult: he believed he was Aleister Crowley’s son (*). [Wikipedia]
(*) Aleister Crowley (1875-1947) was an English occultist, ceremonial magician, poet, painter, novelist, and mountaineer. Crowley gained widespread notoriety during his lifetime, being a recreational drug experimenter, bisexual and an individualist social critic. He was denounced in the popular press as “the wickedest man in the world” and a Satanist.