Morgen zal het honderd jaar geleden zijn dat (v.l.n.r. op bovenstaande foto van Wikipedia) Douglas Fairbanks, Mary Pickford, Charles Chaplin en David Wark Griffith de filmproductiemaatschappij United Artists hebben opgericht.

Pickford, Chaplin, Fairbanks and Griffith incorporated UA as a joint venture. Each held a 25 percent stake in the preferred shares and a 20 percent stake in the common shares of the joint venture, with the remaining 20 percent of common shares held by lawyer and advisor William Gibbs McAdoo. The idea for the venture originated with Fairbanks, Chaplin, Pickford and cowboy star William S.Hart a year earlier. Already Hollywood veterans, the four stars talked of forming their own company to better control their own work.
They were spurred on by established Hollywood producers and distributors who were tightening their control over actor salaries and creative decisions, a process that evolved into the studio system. With the addition of Griffith, planning began, but Hart bowed out before anything was formalized. When he heard about their scheme, Richard A.Rowland, head of Metro Pictures, apparently said, “The inmates are taking over the asylum.” The four partners, with advice from McAdoo (son-in-law and former Treasury Secretary of then-President Woodrow Wilson), formed their distribution company. Hiram Abrams was its first managing director, and the company established its headquarters at 729 Seventh Avenue in New York City.The original terms called for each star to produce five pictures a year. By the time the company was operational in 1921, feature films were becoming more expensive and polished, and running times had settled at around ninety minutes (eight reels). The original goal was thus abandoned.
UA’s first film, “His Majesty, the American”, written by and starring Fairbanks, was a success, maar in de jaren die daarop volgden zou United Artists ook vaak met tegenslagen te kampen hebben en moest daarom uitkijken naar bondgenoten. Sinds 1981 is United Artists een onderdeel van Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Inc., dat in 1990 zelf een onderdeel werd van Sony Pictures Entertainment. De films die de maatschappij op de dag van vandaag produceert zijn van een art house-karakter. (Wikipedia)

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