On February 26, 1616, Galileo Galilei was called to Bellarmine’s residence and ordered to abstain completely from teaching or defending his doctrine and opinion about heliocentrism or from discussing it, either orally or in writing. He was ordered to abandon completely the opinion that the sun stands still at the center of the world and the earth moves. With no attractive alternatives, Galileo accepted the orders delivered, although they were even sterner than those recommended by the Pope, aldus de Engelstalige Wikipedia, maar in het Nederlands klinkt dat eigenaardig genoeg helemaal anders:Kardinaal Bellarmino, die Galilei genegen was, vermaande Galilei op last van paus Paulus V in 1616 de copernicaanse theorie niet meer in het openbaar te verdedigen.”

Daarop werd de Index Librorum Prohibitorum uitgevaardigd, a list of books banned by the Catholic Church. Following the Inquisition’s 1616 judgment, the works of Copernicus, Galileo, Kepler and others advocating heliocentrism were banned.

P.S. The Vatican will only admit it was wrong on October 31, 1992!

De illustratie bovenaan is Galileo before the Holy Office, a 19th-century painting by Joseph-Nicolas Robert-Fleury

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